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Age dating bone fractures

According to AIDS Map, “fracture incidence among HIV-negative men was similar for those in their 40s and 50s,” which increased once they hit 60.

Identifying the aetiology is often extremely difficult and benefits from the involvement of a multidisciplinary team.

As reported by AIDS Map, bone problems such as osteopenia and osteoporosis are more common among people living with the virus, which means men and women who are HIV-positive have a higher risk of bone fractures. According to the study, which consisted only of men, incidents of bone fractures for those who were HIV-positive in their 50s doubled that of HIV-negative men.

What’s more, investigators saw incidences beginning to appear much earlier in HIV-positive men.

Other risk factors included adding, smoking, body weight, and alcohol use.

After studying data from 1,221 HIV-positive men and 1,408 HIV-negative men, researchers began following up and discovered that overall 379 men experienced fractures, which rounded out to about 11 fractures per 1000 people — 182 fractures occurred in someone who was HIV-positive and 197 occurred in someone who was HIV-negative.

The cause is obvious in obstetrical injuries, whose risk factors have been well documented.

Diaphyseal fractures are easy to recognise, whereas challenges may arise with the diagnosis of physeal injuries.

The readers were each asked to evaluate the images for the presence of two parameters of fracture healing, subperiosteal new bone formation (SPNBF) and callus formation, and the reader’s responses were correlated with known fracture ages.

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10-Oct-2019 02:52